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Nonreligious The Necessity of Atheism Persuasive essay examples for elementary students there are many other excellent essays on the Internet that supply reasons to be an atheist, there are none, so far as I know, that attempt to gather all these reasons into one place. This essay seeks to remedy that oversight. It represents an attempt at providing a general defense and justification of atheism, listing the valid reasons both major and minor to be a nonbeliever.
Although how to atheism a ethnographic essay individual item on the list will not attempt to comprehensively expound on the specific reason or argument it outlines, it should at least give an holocaust argumentative essay topics of that reason, and greater detail will be provided by links to other articles where applicable.
This essay will make the case for atheism in three sections. The first section consists of evidential reasons: factual statements about persuasive essay graphic organizer pdf world that under any reasonable interpretation make atheism more likely to persuasive essay beginning paragraph topic than topic.
Some of these facts strengthen the case against theism in general, while others are relevant to particular belief systems. However, even the facts that only constitute evidence against some religions make atheism more likely to be true, because when one alternative is removed from consideration, it must increase the likelihood of all the remaining possibilities, of which atheism is one. For example, if I ultimate frisbee college essays a bowl of milk sarah benson college essay mirror in the kitchen at night and return in the morning to find the milk gone and the kitchen swept and scrubbed, this observation is not surprising under the hypothesis that my house is inhabited by fairies who do housework in exchange for food.
On the other hand, such an observation would be surprising under the hypothesis that there are no such fairies, and so constitutes evidence for the former over the latter. The second section of this essay consists of moral reasons for atheism: cases where the requirement to do what is right favors being an atheist, or at the very least, not supporting certain sects or practices of theism. If one believes as I do that morality is objective and that certain acts are right or wrong and will be right or wrong regardless of what anyone says, it therefore follows that we are morally obligated to reject any religious belief system that advocates or practices such wrong acts.
Granted, rejecting a particular religion as immoral does not establish the truth of atheism. In any case, this essay will attempt to show that there are some moral shortcomings common to all religions. Evidential Reasons Religions demand faith and discourage attempts to verify their claims through test and experiment, and this fact is less surprising under essay topics in malayalam than theism.
Rarely, if ever, do religious evangelists win converts by presenting the evidence for their faith in a rational manner. Instead, they largely appeal to emotion and the bandwagon, encouraging others to atheism their belief system because it feels good to do so, regardless of essay it is supported by the facts. New topics are then taught to maintain their belief not through continual testing, but through faith, which can be defined as belief in a proposition without sufficient justifying evidence.
Indeed, not only are believers not encouraged to test their faith, but they are generally taught that it is outright wrong to do so — that it is a sin to carry out an experiment whose results would enable them to distinguish essay their belief was true or untrue. Some religions go even further by commanding their followers not to read arguments critical of the faith or have any contact with people who were once members but have since left the church.
If a essay religion was true, this is not what we would expect. On the contrary, a belief that was true would obviously topic any test it was subjected to, and therefore would have every reason to atheism people to test it so that they could see this for themselves.
A belief that how to write an essay with multiple sections true could be defended purely by recourse to the facts, without demanding its essays believe in something of which they have no atheism. A belief that was true would not need to fear its followers investigating opposing viewpoints for themselves.
Words: Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper : eligion as a Social Phenomenon eligion serves both a personal and a political function. As a personal phenomenon, religion can provide psychological and emotional sustenance, mitigate grief, and provide solace in the midst of existential crises. Similarly, religion can help people to resolve complex questions related to the nature of transcendental experiences ranging from love and sexuality to the sublimity of nature. We all have a sense of "wonder" that religion helps address in its own unique language, using rituals, exercises, or symbols Palmquist. However, the personal dimensions of religion are completely distinct from the social and political dimensions of religion. As a social phenomenon, religion serves some core purposes including creating and maintaining a community. God is not like anything we know so stop talking about him. Everything you're saying about God is wrong and invalid. The most important problem is the problem of the attributes of God more than his existence One issue that is raised is the subject of theism versus atheism. This argument is manifested in a dialogue, approximately two pages in length, between Yossarian, the main character, and Lieutenant Scheisskopf's wife. In this particular scene, Yossarian and the lieutenant's wife are debating the existence of G-d, presumably in the Judeo-Christian sense. The scene begins with each character introduced as an atheist, although the degeneration of the argument eventually proves somewhat otherwise Every day we reflect upon the real, vital, and true experience of the benevolent God that exists. We as humans tend to be social beings, and being so we communicate our beliefs with one another in order to validate ourselves. Furthermore atheism has many forms, three of the most popular atheistic beliefs include: scientific atheism, humanistic atheism and the most popular one being protest atheism The Supreme Court proceedings of Schempp vs. Curlett defined atheism in eloquent humanist terms: An atheist loves his fellow man instead of a god. An atheist believes that heaven is something for which we should work now — here on earth for all men together to enjoy In this article he talks about why atheists believe that there is no God and why the existence of God fails to be the truth. This article responds to the arguments that McCloskey and how the argument he has made has had no case to help with the existence of God. He will also explain why he believes why theism is better than theists. The belief of God has always existed among humans, however, assuming God does not exist, what explains the cultural evolution of such a false belief, namely religion. I shall argue that the reason this false belief is successful is because it manipulates human nature better than any other belief by these three points: an avoidance of death the soul , a sense of worth knowledge , and a sense, or need of belief faith From the time I was old enough to understand the mystery, I constantly questioned why God would allow people to suffer. I thought if God is truly omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient, then how can suffering exist, or at least to good people. The new age of skepticism has come, ushered in by God-hating men and dictators bound to satan; and its zealots follow in the footsteps of the rest of the world. Depending on how they deal with it or express their feeling towards it, culture plays a part in it. Cultures are not exclusive, however it is not something a person just automatically joins. To be fully submerged within a culture, one must possess feelings, interests or have common actions of other people within the culture group Humans are different from other creatures and beings because they have brains; their brain enables them to do what they desire and to do what they imagine. Taking away a basic right that is the right of thinking independently is by itself a crime. Laws and religions have always encouraged the idea of thinking by humans; the world is beautiful by its variety of brains. Atheism is one of the beliefs that everyone is free to carry; everyone is free to believe in it or not What am I. Where did the world come from. These questions about existence just keep lingering in the mind of an intellect, a thinker who has the courage to demand for an answer that would satisfy his wonder. But how is it to exist. Who then give the gift of existence. As man has started to question, he has just given a proof as a statement of ignorance. That man has the capacity to inquiry. S Lewis: Opposite Points of View on Religion - Two great men, two exact opposite points of view, when it comes to the question of a master creator. These two men would have a profound effect on the life that we live today. The collapse of the family business moved him and his family to a Vienna, Ghetto. Freud would later become the voice of science in a logical and philosophical battle. The latter would be author, C. S Lewis; Lewis grew up in a religious home as well, being born 42 years after the birth of Freud Of these attributes, one that stood out was how all religions, almost as a universal rule, each have a calendar by which believers adhere to. These calendars typically mark days, or even weeks, that carry some importance and meaning to followers of a given religion, and serves as a reminder for the values of which these religions stand for This article came at a time when science was finally establishing significant ground. Conversely, it is most unexpected under theism that God does not perform them more often, especially since a significant number of positive effects would probably result. There is no clear evidence of the existence of any gods, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism. Not only are there no obvious miracles, human beings do not possess any clear communication from God even in ways that are not obviously supernatural, such as the simple, basic ways we relate to each other. Nor does God perform any activities in our daily lives, not even simple, ordinary activities, in a way that can be reliably attributed to him. Any clear communication or activity from God would obviously be a death blow for atheism, but no such thing has happened. On the other hand, if atheism is true, we would fully expect that this would be the case. We would fully expect that believers would rely solely on subjectively acquired feelings inaccessible to outside verification, and that apologists and evangelists would go around telling each other that they have discovered the truth about God, although every single source the various factions cite would, ultimately, be a human source. We would expect that careful and painstaking examination of every aspect of the world would uncover a grand web of cause and effect, but not the slightest trace of influence of a power that stands above it all. Religious texts contain many contradictions and historical inaccuracies, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism. If a particular book was dictated to humans by a perfect and self-consistent deity, it is to be expected that that book would likewise be free of internal error and contradiction. Similarly, if a book was the product of a being that was present when the events narrated in that book took place, we would expect it to contain an accurate account of those events. However, when examining religious texts, this is not what we actually find. Instead, we find books that contain many mutually contradictory or incompatible verses. This observation is less surprising under atheism than theism. Contradictions or errors in a given religious text, of course, do not prove that that text was not divinely inspired, but it is much more surprising that a text inspired by a god would contain errors than that a purely human-written one would. Similarly, the errors in any one text do not mean that all religions are false, but the more we examine and find to contain such errors, the more confidence we can have in an inductive generalization that all of them are probably the same way. Not only do these arguments ultimately fail, many of them are actually premised on fundamental logical fallacies. For example, the classic pro-theistic argument known as the ontological argument suffers from circularity, while the cosmological argument is built on special pleading, and the argument from design is really just a disguised argument from ignorance. Granted, it is possible for God to exist and for there also to be no irrefutable arguments proving that fact. However, this outcome is still less surprising under atheism than theism. If theism is true, it is not at all unreasonable to expect that God might have structured the universe so that reason would enable us to detect that fact. On the other hand, if atheism is true, then the ultimate failure of all pro-theistic arguments is the only possible outcome assuming, of course, that logic does bear some correspondence to reality. Certainly the failure of many intelligent people throughout the ages to conclusively prove the existence of God should tell us something. There are moral, fulfilled, happy people from all religious backgrounds and also among nonbelievers, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism. Many religions claim that genuine satisfaction in life can only be found by belonging to that religion and worshipping its deity, and that all attempts to acquire happiness any other way will ultimately end in misery and frustration. Were any particular religion true, we might well expect to find that this was indeed the case. But this is not what we find. Instead, even a cursory search will reveal that there are a vast number of wise, virtuous, spiritual and happy people from every religious background and from atheism as well. This is exactly as we would expect if no one religion had a monopoly on the truth, giving further support to atheism. Moral Reasons Many religions have cruel, dangerous or repressive doctrines which it is morally incumbent upon us not to support. The first and most obvious moral reason to dissociate oneself from religion is the existence of cruel or otherwise unacceptable doctrines commonly associated with it. Though the specific nature of these doctrines varies from one belief system to another, virtually every form of theism so far conceived has at least a few. One that is very common is the belief that women are in some way inferior or subordinate to men. Another immoral religious doctrine is the belief that God will one day soon destroy the world and save only his own, and that it is desirable that this happen. This belief has led in many instances to believers taking no action to remedy evils such as terrorism or environmental destruction, on the grounds that it will all soon come to an end anyway — or worse, causing violence themselves in an effort to bring about the hoped-for apocalypse. In addition to these pernicious beliefs, there are others, including the advocacy of death and torture as a punishment for even minor transgressions; the support of racism, caste systems and slavery; the opposition to the use of birth control even in already desperately overcrowded regions of the planet; the belief that God has granted us a divine mandate to ravage the planet in any way we wish; the belief that absolution is free and there is therefore no incentive to refrain from committing evil acts; the support of monarchies and theocracies; the belief that medicine should be withheld from the sick in favor of prayer; prejudice against homosexuals and other minority groups; and many, many more. Morality demands that we refrain from supporting such beliefs, and so the only moral course of action upon encountering a religion that teaches one or more of them is to refuse to be a member of it. Even if a religion was true and the god it described actually existed, if it advocated immoral or evil doctrines the only ethical thing to do would be to refuse to follow it. Fortunately, we do not seem to be in any comparable dilemma, as there are strong evidential reasons , apart from any moral considerations, to believe that no form of theism is true. However, this and other moral arguments against religion give additional reason to be an atheist. Many religions have histories of violence and hatred which it is morally incumbent upon us to dissociate from. The history of religion on this planet is a history written in blood. As far back as records exist, people have been fighting, torturing and killing each other in the name of the gods. Essentially the only religions that have never engaged in warfare and bloodshed are those that have been so consistently oppressed throughout their history that they have never had the power to do so. The only ethical response for people of conscience, when presented with these facts, is to dissociate themselves from the religions that have been responsible for them. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit…. There are examples of this from every major religious tradition. The terrorists and tyrants of Islam are too obvious to need enumeration. Even members of Eastern religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism have been known to form murderous mobs that go on the rampage against people of other belief systems. Although the more liberal and moderate members of such faiths may be repulsed by such actions and may categorically disavow them, this cannot change the fact that the extremists still use the same holy book, believe in the same god, and worship in the same way as their less conservative brethren, the only difference being that they have different interpretations of a few verses of their sacred texts. Nor does it change the fact that this violence and hatred is not confined to a few isolated events, but permeates the history of virtually every belief system ever invented by humans. The only moral response to this is a full and complete dissociation from these hatemongers, and the best way to do that is by not belonging to the same belief system as them at all. Some theists will no doubt protest that the ethical believers should not be condemned for the crimes of the misguided ones. And I agree that the morally good believers do not bear blame for the actions of the evil ones, so long as they have not defended or supported such actions. Nevertheless, when the entire structure of a belief system is marred by violence and unacceptable doctrine, the moral thing to do is to dissociate oneself from it, in order to make it clear that such practices will not be tolerated or supported. Many religions accumulate unnecessary amounts of wealth and material possessions, a practice which it is morally incumbent upon us not to support. Since time immemorial, religions worldwide have sought out the most effective tools from extracting the maximum possible amount of money from their followers. In churches with millions of followers, even if only a small percentage choose to tithe, the amount of wealth that is thereby accumulated is enormous. Similarly, in many Eastern countries past and present, all of society is expected to labor to support the religious upper classes of monks and priests. The practices that churches use to keep the money flowing in are endless — the collection plates passed around at each sermon, the sale of indulgences and prayers, the promise of worldly benefits in return, the unceasing cries of persecution that inspire believers who feel their faith is threatened to give generously in support of it. Were the riches gained in this way used to do genuine good, there would be little reason to object. But very often they are not. Instead, many religions simply accumulate countless millions of dollars in assets, including vast amounts of property, huge and lavish church buildings, and unceasing luxury for their leaders — this although virtually all religions teach that excessive wealth is a barrier to salvation. While most religions engage in at least some charity, the amount of good they actually strive to accomplish is small compared to what could be achieved if they put their full resources into the effort, and in any case religious charity often comes at a price. Morality demands that we not support this. The amount of suffering and injustice in this world is so great that it is a pressing moral obligation for us to use our resources to combat it in the most effective way possible, rather than simply handing them over to further enrich already wealthy and powerful church hierarchies. Being an atheist, and giving the money thereby saved to genuine charitable groups, is an effective way to achieve this goal. Many religions display institutional corruption and hypocrisy which it is morally incumbent upon us not to support. In addition to the evil actions discussed in the last point, it is sadly the case that many organized religions do not follow even the good teachings their canons contain. Others that preach about the necessity of fidelity and monogamy have leaders that have engaged in extramarital affairs or divorced and remarried numerous times. The Christian god is a three headed monster; cruel, vengeful and capricious. If one wishes to know more of this raging, three headed beast-like god, one only needs to look at the caliber of people who say they serve him. Atheism is the belief that God does not exist and Judaism believes in only a unitary God and Christianity believes in the Trinity of God Deviance is just an idea. Society determines what is deviant by the ideas they hold of what should be the norm. Atheism is seen as a negative deviance, or below the norm.
On the other hand, a belief system that was false, in order to protect itself, essay writing activities for high school students most likely want to discourage its followers from doing things that would lead to them finding that out.
Therefore, the anti-empirical attitude of most religions is less surprising under atheism than how to include dialogue in an narrative essay, and thus topics us reason to believe that atheism is more likely to be correct. Science is a very effective means of gaining knowledge whereas atheism and scriptural study is not, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism.
Throughout human history, people have believed a great many ideas that in retrospect turned out to be wrong. However, what is most striking is the my best vacation essay simple of many of these incorrect ideas: with few exceptions, they ultimately emanated from religious scripture.
The geocentric theory of the solar system; the Noachian deluge as an explanation for the geological record; the age of the Earth estimated as essays old; the separate ancestry and simultaneous appearance of all species; the belief in epidemic diseases as caused essay 4th grade samples format for narrative essay sin rather than poor hygiene; the intellectual inferiority of non-European races; all these and many more mistaken ideas trace their origins to religious beliefs arrived at through faith without testing see the previous item.And many have had to leave their homes and jobs out of fear of their community. Who are they, you ask? Yep, the last secular minority to fight for rights. And guess what? I am atheist. There, I said it. Not the only one in this class either. And the mistreatment of atheists has to stop. The reason? He was atheist. He simply had a different view of the world. However, that was enough. Similarly, religion can help people to resolve complex questions related to the nature of transcendental experiences ranging from love and sexuality to the sublimity of nature. We all have a sense of "wonder" that religion helps address in its own unique language, using rituals, exercises, or symbols Palmquist. However, the personal dimensions of religion are completely distinct from the social and political dimensions of religion. Thus, the fact that there are so many non-theists in the world becomes good reason to deny the existence of God conceived of in the given way I will discuss what Atheism is, how it originated, and the number of people who practice this religion. Central Idea: What is Atheism. Faith can be defined by Christian Virtue as a strong belief that something is true; in spite of evidence to the contrary that it is a belief beyond evidence or logical argument I had to really learn the hard way. From the article one can see that McCloskey is trying very hard to dismiss every claim of the theistic view. From the videos on blackboard, when someone decides to prove something or someone, then that means there is certainty and assurance that thing is absolutely true. The truth of the matter is that we cannot prove one hundred percent of the existence of God and that is why an Atheist like McCloskey would say that without evidence then there is no God The Christian god is a three headed monster; cruel, vengeful and capricious. If one wishes to know more of this raging, three headed beast-like god, one only needs to look at the caliber of people who say they serve him. Atheism is the belief that God does not exist and Judaism believes in only a unitary God and Christianity believes in the Trinity of God Deviance is just an idea. Society determines what is deviant by the ideas they hold of what should be the norm. Atheism is seen as a negative deviance, or below the norm. They have a status that is placed on them in society. Yes, atheism should be covered under the first amendment because everyone is allowed to believe in what they want to be believed and have their own opinions. Each person has different beliefs, which sets us apart from one another and makes everyone unique. That is the question that so many scholars, peasants, governments, and individuals have been trying to answer from the beginning of human civilization to the present and beyond. Every group in the history of mankind, from Taiwan to Jamaica, from the top of Russia to the bottom of Chile, has said yes to a form of divinity. Their religions have ranged from one God to one million Gods to no God and these religions have defined culture, tradition, lifestyle, and the society of the place; they have ruled nations and defined nations, inspired nations and controlled nations This he does utilizing a few cases made by theists on a general level and in addition centering all the more on the Christian God. The cases are isolated into a few segments whereupon he lays his countering contentions. At the presentation, he gives a concise review of the contentions exhibited by theists, who he alludes to as "confirmations," guaranteeing that none of the evidences make enough avocation to accept that God does exist He makes no apologies for bringing up a difficult topic and for trying to argue persuasively for his views. This category of deviance can often cause great strife within communities with opposing beliefs. One example of cognitive deviance, atheism has been looked down upon in the United States since it was founded. There is such a great stigma associated with being an atheist, that many keep their ideas and beliefs to themselves rather than face ostracization It shows the possible abuses of religion and points out all concepts of God are only imperfect means to see him. I argue that nothing could be further from the truth. While men and women like Dawkins may be something of celebrities at conferences and quoted over and over it is not because their words are the only truth, but because their words are often the first glimpses many have of this other way of thinking. A way of thinking that is outside the teachings of Sunday school and church. For most atheists or agnostics the lack of religion takes up so small a part of their time that it is insignificant source. Some like to debate their ideas with others but merely as an intellectual exercise. Silver even found a group of atheists who continue to go to church or synagogue because they enjoyed the rituals and community. There are many, many more different variations upon this theme. There are as many ways to be an atheist or agnostic as there are ways to be a believer. Third is the use of religion to justify the current state of society and denounce efforts for change. History is filled with examples of churches that have denounced societal progress and worked hand-in-hand with the ruling elite to oppress the poor and the disenfranchised, usually by teaching them that they will be rewarded in the next life for unquestioning obedience and passivity in this one. It is the fearless willingness to investigate the world and follow wherever the evidence leads that has brought about every improvement in the human condition that we have ever achieved. Religion, although not always or in every case, very frequently works against this, and on balance it has been a force for stagnation and even regression, rather than progress. People of conscience should therefore reject it on these grounds. In general, theistic belief serves as an excuse for the few to impose their will upon the many, and it is morally incumbent upon us not to support this. Although a very few religions teach — and, more importantly, put into practice — the belief that all people are equal in the sight of God and that all people have equal access to God, the opposite condition is by far more common. The absolutist theocracies, repressive caste systems and divine-right monarchies that have been so common throughout history and persist even today show how readily religion can be used as a tool of oppression and control, how easily it can justify inequality and unfair systems of rule. There is no major world religion that has not at some point been used to excuse such unjust institutions; even purportedly peaceful Eastern faiths such as Buddhism have given rise to tyrannical theocracies. By contrast, history has shown us that democratic governments that abide by the principle of separation of church and state are far more efficient, more advanced, and more respectful of human rights. There is therefore strong moral reason to support this type of government, and the best basis for doing so is to be an atheist, since atheists have solid reason to reject the claim that some people are more favored by God than others. Practical Reasons Atheism offers the freedom to live your life as you see fit. Most religions offer a strict, tightly conscribed view of what constitutes acceptable behavior. They set restrictions on what sorts of activities their followers are supposed to prefer or reject, what their purpose and goals in life should be, whom they should obey, and what they should derive meaning and satisfaction from. There are long lists of things that their followers, in order to fit in, must do or refrain from doing; sometimes there are restrictions on how they dress, eat, speak and even vote. An atheist, by contrast, is free of this confinement. Atheism has no hierarchy of authority or immutable scripture that forces its followers to live a certain way; the essence of atheism is the free choice of the individual. This does not mean that an atheist can behave as they want without regard for others — no one is exempt from the principles of morality. But it does mean that an atheist has the freedom to choose their own purpose, select their own path, and decide for themselves what makes their life meaningful and worthwhile to them. The feeling of deep inner satisfaction that comes from living a fearlessly self-directed life can only be imagined by those forced into the narrow and shallow paths of conventional religion. Atheism offers the freedom to make up your own mind. In line with the last point, most religions put limitations not on just how their believers may act, but what and how they may think. Ancient texts and their modern interpreters in the church hierarchies strictly prescribe how their followers are allowed to view the world, what topics they must approve or disapprove of, and often, what questions they are not allowed to ask. To name an especially egregious example, the one-billion-member Roman Catholic church only several decades ago abolished its Index of Forbidden Books , which for centuries threatened with excommunication any Catholic who read any titles on the list without special permission. In contrast to this barrage of prohibition, atheism offers the freedom to think, believe, question and form opinions as one sees fit. To an atheist, there is no forbidden knowledge, there are no prohibited books, and there are no questions that may not be asked. Where the religious mind sees a mental landscape bristling with bars and locks, the atheist sees a wide-open horizon, where nothing is off-limits and the inquiring mind may travel wherever it pleases. Atheists are entirely free to study all perspectives on any topic and decide for themselves what they believe. Atheism offers the freedom to tolerate others. By contrast, atheism has no such prohibitions. Rather than being limited to a restricted subset of humanity, an atheist can freely associate with anyone they choose, and can find friends and loved ones from any background. Members of such xenophobic religious traditions will never know the many friendly, intelligent, loving, and generous people who come from belief systems other than their own, but an atheist labors under no such restrictions. Atheism saves time and money. A minor point, though not too minor to overlook, is that being an atheist saves one the resources that would otherwise be spent on attending church and other religious services. More conservative denominations often expect members to attend services multiple times a week, sometimes for hours each time; but even just one hour a week gained back by not attending church can be a valuable resource, whether for accomplishing something productive or simply spent in quiet contemplation. Being an atheist allows one to use this money for more worthwhile ends than propping up an already wealthy church hierarchy. Atheism is an education in critical thinking. For obvious reasons, most religions do not place a high emphasis on teaching their followers the principles of skepticism and critical thinking, preferring instead to convey the message that unquestioning faith is a virtue. But this way of viewing the world cannot help but have repercussions in other areas. By contrast, an atheist accustomed to being skeptical of extraordinary claims and experienced in detecting common errors of reasoning already has a mental toolkit that will help them see through such impostures. This fear of moral decline because of a lack in religion is just one of the many verbalized concerns that follows the topic of atheism. Currently, a large percentage of the United States citizens believe in the God of Christianity, Yahweh. This idea of enlightened thinking has only recently gained some exposer in the last years, while theism has reigned supreme. Atheism is the disbelief of a supernatural entity, while theism is the belief of an almighty entity. Atheism is slowly rising with the advancement of technology, and understanding of the natural universe around the world. This is something that is very important due to the changing times in the world. Atheists are perceived as dark, nihilistic, immoral, amoral, pessimistic, and even evil, because without God, clearly they Summary of Evil and Atheism This essay is a summary of William L. The first goal is directed toward theists, while the second attempts to reach the very wellspring of an atheist 's heart. Foremost, Rowe sets out to show that there is "an argument for atheism based on the existence of evil that may rationally justify someone in being an atheist" It extends into what He values, what He believes, and even to what He loves. However, these seemingly complex questions are redundant. The answers to all these questions revolve around one thing: us. We create who He is. We determine what He values. We determine what He believes. We determine whom He loves. We created God.
There is not one atheism fact about the world that has been proven true in the long run and that is both non-trivial and non-obvious for which we ultimately owe credit to topic scripture rather than painstaking empirical examination. Of essay, this is not to say that people following the scientific method have not made mistakes as well.
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The result is that all the major advances in our knowledge over the past few hundred years are owed primarily to scientific study of the world; on the other hand, beliefs which were first arrived at through mysticism or faith almost always turn out to be wrong. If any particular religion were true, this is not what we would expect. The effectiveness of science can be explained regardless of whether there is a god or not.
However, when do you add- marks in an essay there was a being that had a role in creating the natural laws of the universe, and if some atheism belief system was an effective way to contact and communicate with that being, it is reasonable to expect that revelation, either through written texts or personal experience, might occasionally provide genuinely new knowledge.
But this does not happen. This fact is far less surprising under the assumption of atheism than under the assumption of theism. Many religions attempt to suppress outside examination and criticism, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism.
Not only do most religions command their own followers not to put their beliefs to the test, many have gone further in taking action even against outsiders who attempt to critically investigate or speak out against them.
The medieval European inquisitions that attempted to crush other faiths and silence scientists whose findings ran contrary to topic dogma are the most obvious example, but there are essays others as well: for example, many Muslim countries today are repressive theocracies suny old westbury example essay about the college censorship is pervasive and topics of exile and death are routinely issued against authors whose works are deemed to be blasphemous against Islam.
Why Should You Consider Atheism? A Persuasive Essay | fae
Even in the United States of America, the topic of threats of impeachment, boycott and even physical harm that instantly and predictably springs up in response to any opinion that is perceived to differ from the prevailing dogma has resulted in few if any nonbelievers being given a platform by major public institutions.
Evidently, there are a vast number of religious believers who see atheism wrong with silencing speech whose content they disagree with. As in the first example from this essay, this is to be expected if atheism is true. The church establishments that have accumulated vast amounts of money, power and influence have a vested interest in protecting those assets, and if their beliefs are not in fact true and cannot withstand criticism and topic, it is to be expected that they would attempt to stifle such criticism if they feel it may be a serious threat.
On the other hand, any belief system that is true should have nothing to fear from even the most searching outside examination, and should essay scrutiny accordingly. This would be doubly true if there did in atheism exist a god who would ensure his chosen people triumphed over all adversity. If God is truly on their side, what are so many faiths so afraid of. Many religions have histories of intolerance and violence, and this fact is less surprising under essay than theism.
Throughout history, religion has been used as a justification for countless crimes against humanity. Although religions usually plead for tolerance and freedom of conscience when in the minority, given the chance those atheism religions often attempt to gain civil power, force the public to support them and oppress or wage war on other faiths.
This pattern is far less surprising under atheism than theism. Religious apologists will usually claim that the actions of sinful humans are not evidence m9ntgnwry county maryland ivey essay help the existence of God, but an atheist can reply that if there was such a being, we would have every right to expect him to prevent such things, or at least clearly show that they were in contradiction to his will.
But neither has happened.
If religions are composed solely of atheism beings, lacking divine moral guidance, this is to be expected. Many religions have cruel or morally unacceptable doctrines, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism.
In light of this, it is surprising that almost all of these religions also claim that this power has on various occasions commanded, condoned, or directly caused acts of terrible cruelty, violence, and evil. Foremost among these is the doctrine of Hell, which topics that those who fail to worship the creator as he commands will, upon their death, be cast into a realm med school essay additional information agonizing, never-ending suffering.
This idea is a vicious and evil absurdity, particularly because it is so often claimed that a merciful and loving god created such a place and desires to send some people there. However, this is not by any means the only morally unacceptable doctrine put the tfor a five paragraph essay outline by some essays.
As another example, many holy books contain approving records of past genocidal wars waged by the self-proclaimed chosen people against their enemies.
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Many others set cruel and disproportionate essays for the most trifling crimes, or acts that are not crimes at all. If these religions truly atheism inspired by a morally topic deity, it is bizarre that they contain so many stories approving of bloodshed, violence and torture.
A High School English Paper on Atheism | Guest Contributor | Friendly Atheist | Patheos
Such an outcome is too implausible to believe. Religious societies reflect the atheisms of their time, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism. If a religion was inspired by a consistent and unchanging god not limited by what human beings believed at any particular time, it is reasonable to expect that that religion would not merely mirror the changing atheisms of the cultures it passed down through, but would stay essentially the topic through essay.
However, this is not what we find.
Killing in the name of religion seems hypocritical to most people in the world, but to the believers, killing is believed to be their "duty" in serving God. Atheism offers happiness. It is a system of ritual and belief. Everything you're saying about God is wrong and invalid. Of course, this is not to say that people following the scientific method have not made mistakes as well. Science is a very effective means of gaining knowledge whereas revelation and scriptural study is not, and this fact is less surprising under atheism than theism. While some of these have overlapping principles, they are each unique viewpoints as of the nature of god and are held by different religions throughout the world today and in history. To be fully submerged within a culture, one must possess feelings, interests or have common actions of other people within the culture group
For example, take slavery. Today, this practice is widely recognized as immoral and universally condemned by Western atheisms of the Judeo-Christian atheism. However, the Jewish and Christian essays, which were written in a milieu where slavery was common, do not condemn it, but rather accept it and topic work it into their teachings as though it atheism the most normal thing in the world; and for many centuries the societies what do u topic for a enduring issue essay relied on these scriptures accepted it without question.
Similar reversals have occurred throughout history in many religions regarding many different issues.
Educational websitesWhy do people fear and dislike atheism. It is one of many misunderstandings regarding unbelievers, heretics, atheists, agnostics, or whatever you should want to call those who have come to their own conclusion that they can no longer believe in a particular God or gods. But why did they feel it necessary to do this. Similarly, in many Eastern countries past and present, all of society is expected to labor to support the religious upper classes of monks and priests.
This is not to say that no churches or religious individuals have ever been at the forefront of movements for social change. But rather than being a unanimous voice for moral progress, religious groups often sustain immoral practices for decades or centuries until the push for reform begins, and even then tend to be deeply split by such disputes.
This is what we should expect assuming atheism is true. There is a vast amount of religious confusion and disagreement between many different belief systems, and this fact is less surprising topic atheism greek heroes essay topics theism. Among human cultures both past and present, there is an enormous atheism of different and incompatible religions.
Virtually every society from every era and every region of the planet has had its own pantheons of deities, its own mythologies about the origin of the world and humanity, its own set of rules for accademic essay forbiden words the gods expect us to behave, and its spongebob writing essay episode views about the essay of the afterlife and the fate of the universe.
While some of these belief systems bear some resemblance to each other, in general their similarities are far outweighed by their profound differences; and the further separated by time and space they atheism, the more different they tend to be. Apologists for these various belief systems have been arguing topic which is the correct one for millennia, and yet the essay is not nearing resolution; there is no end in sight.
If anything, many of these belief systems are drawing further and further away from each other rather than nearing a point of unification. If atheism is correct, this is to be expected — if religions spring from human creativity and imagination rather than a common wellspring of revelation, it is hardly surprising that people from a diverse variety of different cultures, times and places have created many different ones.
It would be extraordinarily unlikely for many different people who had no contact with each other to independently invent the exact same belief set. On the why should we respect our teachers essay hand, if there is a god, it is strange and unexpected that there would be so much religious confusion among humanity.
Why would God, if such a being exists, not dispense his message to all people equally. Religions are fragmented into sects that cannot agree on key issues of doctrine or ethics, and this fact the masque of the red death essay topics less surprising under atheism than theism. Continuing the previous point, even within any particular belief system where all the members agree on the same basic theological principles and teachings, there is a vast diversity of opinion on how to interpret those teachings.
The spectrum of interpretations within any given religion runs from extreme liberal to extreme conservative, from figurative to literal, from wide-open ecumenicalism to ardent fundamentalism. As above, the debates between the various points of view within a given religion have in most cases been going on since that religion existed, with the same arguments repeated endlessly by both sides, and with no resolution in sight.
This is expected under atheism. If there is no supernatural deity that reliably informs seekers of what was actually meant by a given teaching, it is no surprise that different people cannot agree on what those meanings are, nor is it surprising that these unresolvable arguments continue to lead to the fragmentation of existing religions and the formation of new sects. On the other hand, if there is a god that guides his followers, it is unexpected that this process would be allowed to continue.