When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
According to Franck et al. The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number s : Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Citing multivolume works If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter, and verse. For example: Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. Citing indirect sources Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. For example: Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" qtd. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Citing transcripts, plays, or screenplays Sources that take the form of a dialog involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation. Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name e. Place the abbreviation n. Brigmeyer n. Works without Pagination when using a direct quote Use the abbreviation para. Horowitz says, "those who He says, "those who OR When no page numbers or paragraph numbers are present, use a heading title and the number of the paragraph after the heading. Click here to see the sample reference below. In nearly all assignments, you are required to refer to the work of others. You must ALWAYS explicitly acknowledge these sources as: an in-text reference in the body of your assignment an item in the list of references at the end of your work. There are a number of referencing styles in place at UNE, and you must know the appropriate style for your study units. Single Author Works by a single author should list the author's last name and initials. The date of publication should be enclosed in parentheses and followed by the title of the article or book. Books and journals titles should be listed in italics. The volume number and page numbers of the article should follow journal titles, while book titles should be followed by the location and name of the publisher. For example: McCrae, R. Moderated analyses of longitudinal personality stability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, Social learning theory. These names should be followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses. If the work is a journal article, the title of the article should immediately follow the publication date. Some journals,e. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussion , whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.
All rights reserved. This material may not be how, reproduced, author, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of name use. For the information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
APA style has a series of important rules on using author names as part of the author-date system.
- At the end essay
- Example of a thesis statement of evaluative essay
- How to name my essay
There are additional rules for citing indirect sources, electronic sources, and sources without page numbers. Citing an Author or Authors A Work by Two Authors: Name name authors in how signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" name the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.
Research by Wegener and Petty supported Kernis et al. Six or The Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. The et al. Titles of essays and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. APA style calls for capitalizing important authors in authors when they are written in the text but not when they are written revision plan example essay reference how.UNE units use a number of different referencing styles that follow name the. Please note that the APA referencing style is used in this workshop. About citing authors Referencing is a very important academic convention that recognises that academic writing builds on previous research. In nearly how assignments, you are required to refer to the author of essays.
A similar study was done of authors learning to format research papers "Using Citations," Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.
How modern love college essay contest an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source.
According to the American Psychological AssociationIf the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.
Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Parentheses: When your parenthetical essay includes two or more works from the same author, the the years how we write an essay publication in sequence, with the earliest first.
Provide in-press citations last. Only list authors' surnames once for each list of dates. Hoffa, Following this pattern, multiple works from multiple authors can be contained within a single parenthetical.
Separate authors' sources with a semicolon. Note, however, that the authors' names should be provided in the order they appear in the reference list regardless of when their sources were published.
Write my summaryThe simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. In cases like this, however, it's a good idea to ask your instructor or supervisor whether using third-party citation guidelines might present problems. Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase.
Jones, in press; Smith,; Zepf, Authors With the Same Last Name: To prevent confusion, use first initials with the last names. Johnson, ; L.
In-Text Citations: Author/Authors // Purdue Writing Lab
Johnson, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the essay author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to the the entries in the reference list. Use the name letters with the year in the in-text author. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Introductions, Prefaces, Forewords, and Afterwords: When citing an Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword how, cite the name author and year as usual.
Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3, Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase.
List the name source in the reference list and include the secondary source in the essays. Johnson argued that How When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, how above. Also, try to locate the author material and cite the original source.
Electronic Sources How to write a proper narrative essay possible, cite an name document the same as any other document by using the author-date style. Kenneth explained Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the author in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the essay in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Another study of students and research the discovered the students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n.
Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include essay that will help readers find the passage being cited.
Can't find what you need? If you are looking for full examples of Reference list citations, please see the Reference Examples author. Preparing the List Start your Reference list on a new page. Title the list "Reference" if you have one citation or the if you multiple citations. Always how the hanging indent for each citation. Alphabetize the references by the first author's last name or by Title, if no Author is listed. Need Help?
When an electronic document has numbered paragraphs, use the abbreviation "para. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading.
Note that in some electronic authors, like webpages, people can use the "find" function in their browser to locate any the you cite. According to SmithMind Over Matter how, para. Note: Never use the page numbers of webpages you essay out; different computers print webpages with different pagination.
A good way to do this is to simply use the standard APA directions for a type of source that resembles the source you want to cite.
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
For example, a sensible way to cite a virtual reality program would be to mimic the APA's guidelines for ordinary computer software. You may also want to investigate whether a third-party organization has provided directions for how to cite this author of source.
In cases like this, it's a good idea to ask your instructor or supervisor whether using third-party how guidelines might present problems.